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STRUCTURE OF MIZORAM JUDICIARY

 

STRUCTURE OF COURTS

A.   CIVIL

In exercise of powers conferred by sections 3-6 read with all other enabling provisions of the Mizoram Civil Courts Act,2005 as amended, and in prior consultation with the Hon’ble  Gauhati High Court, the Governor of Mizoram had constituted following two Judicial Districts in the State of Mizoram, namely- [Vide Notification No. A.12011/32/06- LJE, the 7th January, 2008 published in the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary Vol. XXXVII, 8.1.2008 Pausa 17, S.E.1929, Issue No.2] 

1.    Aizawl Judicial District comprised of the areas covered by the existing administrative and revenue districts of Aizawl, Champhai, Kolasib, Mamit and Serchhip.

2.    Lunglei Judicial District comprised of the areas covered by the existing administrative and revenue district of Lunglei for the time being.

The Governor of Mizoram is further pleased to set up following Civil Courts in the above mentioned Judicial Districts, namely-

1.1 In Aizawl Judicial District-One Court of District Judge, three Courts of Additional District Judges, three Courts of Senior Civil Judges and seven Courts of Civil Judges at Aizawl to sit in the District Court  building at  Aizawl.

1.2 One Court of Senior Civil Judge and three Courts of Civil Judges at Champhai to sit in the Additional Sub-District Council Court building, Champhai.

1.3 One Court of Senior Civil Judge and three Courts of Civil Judges at Kolasib to sit in the District Court building at Kolasib.

1.4 One Court of Senior Civil Judge and one Court of Civil Judge at Mamit to sit in the building to be specified by the Government immediately, and

1.5 One court of Senior Civil Judge and one Court of Civil Judge at Serchhip to sit at the building to be specified by the Government immediately. The Government shall allocate the existing Court Staff to these newly created Courts immediately and provide further Staff as may be required without any delay.

 

2.1 In Lunglei Judicial District- One Court of District Judge, one Court of Additional District Judge, two Courts of Senior Civil Judges and five Courts of Civil Judges at Lunglei to sit in the District Court building at Lunglei.

 

3.   The jurisdiction of the said Courts has been outlined by the Hon’ble Gauhati High Court in their communication dt.12.12.2007 as below:

(a)  The District Judge/Additional District Judge at Aizawl shall have territorial jurisdiction over the undivided Aizawl administrative district viz.Aizawl, Kolasib, Champhai, Serchhip and Mamit.

(b)  Senior Civil Judge/Civil Judge shall exercise territorial jurisdiction within the area of their respective administrative districts.

However, the recently created administrative districts of Serchhip and Mamit do not have Court establishments like Staff, Jails etc. and due to this reason and shortage of Judicial Officers, posting of Judicial Officers to these districts is differed for the time being. Accordingly, Judicial Officers of appropriate grades posted at Aizawl may exercise jurisdiction over these districts as may be ordered by the High Court.

(c)  Civil Courts of Lunglei District may exercise jurisdiction over the entire Lunglei District including Saiha and Lawngtlai districts, if and when the latter two districts which fall under the area of the sixth scheduled to the Constitution and excluded from the scheme of separation of judiciary, are included in the said scheme.

 

B.   CRIMINAL

In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 6,7,9,11 and 12 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Act No. 2 of 1974), the Governor of Mizoram, after consultation with the Hon’ble Gauhati High Court, had constituted the following Sessions Division in the state of Mizoram, namely:- [Notified under No.A.12011/32/06 - LJE: Dated Aizawl, the 2ndJune, 2008 [Vide, the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary: Vol. XXXVII, 12.6.2008, Jyaistha 22, S.E. 1930, Issue No. 197] and amended under even No. Dated Aizawl, the 7th Oct., 2008 [Vide, the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary: Vol. XXXVII, 24.10.2008. Kartika 2, S.E. 1930, Issue No. 430] with the approval of Hon’ble Gauhati High Court Vide, No. HC. VII-14 (PT)/2007/8467/A Dated 25th August, 2008 and is marked as *.]

      1.    1.1 Aizawl Sessions division comprised of the areas covered by the existing administrative and revenue districts of Aizawl, Champhai, Kolasib, Mamit and Serchhip.   
             1.2 Lunglei Sessions division comprised of the areas covered by the existing administrative and revenue district of Lunglei, Lawngtlai* and Saiha*.

2.   The Governor of Mizoram, after consultation with the Gauhati High Court and in exercise of the aforesaid powers, is further pleased to set up the following criminal courts in addition to the existing Special Courts Viz. the Court of Special Judge under the Prevention of Corruption Act, the Special Court under ND & PS Act and the Special Court under the Essential Commodities Act, which shall also function as the courts of Additional Sessions Judges, in the above mentioned Sessions Divisions, namely:-

1.1  In Aizawl Sessions Division-

 

           1.1.1    One court of Sessions Judge, three courts of Additional Sessions Judges, one Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, and seven courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Aizawl and at other places as per the details given in Schedules-I & II.

           1.1.2 1.1.2 1.1.2    One court of Chief Judicial Magistrate and three courts of Judicial Magistrates of the First Class at Champhai and at other places as per the details given in Schedules- I & II

           1.1.3 1.1.3 1.1.3 1.1.3    One court of Chief Judicial Magistrate and three courts of Judicial Magistrates of the First Class at Kolasib.

            1.1.4 1.1.4    One court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Mamit.

            1.1.5    One court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Serchhip.

 

      1.2  In Lunglei Sessions Division-

1.2.1
   
One court of Sessions Judge and, two* courts of Additional Sessions Judge, one Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, and five courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Lunglei [and at other places as per the details given in Schedules I & II]*.
2.2.2* One Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate at Lawngtlai and three other courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Lawngtlai and at other places as per the details given in Schedules I & II.
2.2.3* One Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate at Saiha and three other courts of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Saiha and at other places as per the details given in Schedules I & II.

3.  The jurisdiction of these courts as outlined by the Gauhati High Court shall be as follows:-

            3.1.The Sessions Judge/Additional Sessions Judges at Aizawl shall exercise territorial jurisdiction over the undivided Aizawl administrative district comprised of Aizawl, Kolasib, Champhai, Serchhip and Mamit districts. The existing Special Courts shall exercise the same territorial jurisdiction of the respective Special Court as notified at the time of their creation.
           3.2.The Chief Judicial Magistrate and Judicial Magistrates of the First Class in the Aizawl Sessions Division shall exercise territorial jurisdiction within the areas of their respective administrative district, as specified in Schedules-I and II to this notification.
           3.3. The Sessions Judge/Additional Sessions Judges at Lunglei shall exercise jurisdiction over the entire Lunglei Sessions Division. [*]
           3.4. The Chief Judicial Magistrate and the Judicial Magistrates of the First Class in the Lunglei Sessions Division shall exercise territorial jurisdiction within the areas of their respective administrative district, as specified in Schedules I & II to this notification.

      4.  As the districts of Serchhip, Mamit [and Lawngtlai]* do not have proper court-establishments like staff, jails etc., the Gauhati High Court may empower the Executive Magistrates posted in the sub-divisions of such districts as Special Judicial Magistrates under section 13 of the Cr PC for the time being and as may be requested by the state Government.

 

SCHEDULE – I*

Sl. No. Name of the Court Place of sitting Local areas of jurisdiction

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

1 Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate : Aizawl Aizawl (i)  Aizawl Sadar Sub-Division   (ii)  Sakawrdai Sub-Division          
(iii)  Saitual Sub-Division            
(iv)  Serchhip Sadar Sub-Division  
(v)  Thenzawl Sub-Division             
(vi)  North Vanlaiphai Sub-Division 
(vii)  Mamit Sadar Sub-Division      
(viii)  West Phaileng Sub-Division 
(ix)  Kawrthah Sub-Division

2.

Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate : Champhai Champhai (i)  Champhai Sadar Sub-Division
(ii)  Khawzawl Sub-Division           
(iii)  Ngopa Sub-Division

3.

Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate : Kolasib Kolasib (i)  Kolasib Sadar Sub-Divisio
(ii)  Kawnpui Sub-Division         
(iii)  Vairengte Sub-Division

4.

Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate : Lunglei Lunglei (i)  Lunglei Sadar Sub-Division   
(ii)  Hnahthial Sub-Division         
(iii)  Tlabung Sub-Division
5. Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lawngtlai Lawngtlai (i)  Lawngtlai Sadar Sub-Division             
(ii)  Chawngte Sub-Division                     
(iii)  Sangau Sub-Division

6.

Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, Saiha Saiha (i)  Saiha Sadar Sub-Division                    
(ii)  Tuipang Sub-Division              

 

SCHEDULE-II*

 

Sl.No. Name of Court Place of sitting Local area of jurisdiction Remarks
1 2 3 4 5
1 Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate : Aizawl Aizawl Aizawl Sadar Sub-Division  
2 1stCourt of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Aizawl Aizawl

As may be defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Aizawl under section 14 of the Cr PC

 
3 2ndCourt of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Aizawl Aizawl
4 3rd Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Aizawl Aizawl
5 4th Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Aizawl Aizawl
6 Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Sakawrdai Sakawrdai Sakawrdai Sub-Division

 

7 Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Saitual Saitual Saitual Sub-Division  
8. Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate : Serchhip Serchhip Serchhip Sadar Sub-Division  
9. Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate : Champhai Champhai Champhai Sadar Sub-Division  
10 Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Khawzawl Khawzawl As may be defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Champhai under section 14 of the Cr PC  
11. Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Ngopa Ngopa
12. Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate : Mamit Mamit Mamit Sadar Sub-Division  
13. Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate : Kolasib Kolasib Kolasib Sadar Sub-Division  
14. Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Kawnpui Kawnpui As may be defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate,Kolasib under section 14 of the Cr PC

 

15. Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class: Vairengte Vairengte
16. Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate : Lunglei Lunglei Lunglei Sadar Sub-Division  
17.   1st Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Lunglei   Lunglei

 As may be defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lunglei under section 14 of the Cr PC

 
 
18 2nd  Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Lunglei Lunglei
19   Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Hnahthial Hnahthial

 

20 Court of Judicial Magistrate 1st Class : Tlabung Tlabung
21  Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate, Lawngtlai Lawngtlai  Lawngtlai Sadar Sub-Division   
22   Court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Chawngte Chawngte   As may be defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lawngtlai under section 14 of the Cr PC      
23 Court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Sangau Sangau      
24   Court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate, Saiha Saiha Saiha Sadar Sub-Division    
25   Court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Saiha Saiha   As may be defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Saiha under section 14 of the Cr PC        
26 Court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class at Saiha Tuipang Tuipang Sub-Division  

 

 

STRUCTURE OF COURTS IN MIZORAM
CONSTITUTION OF CIVIL AND CRIMINAL COURTS, 2011

NOTIFICATION
Dated Aizawl, the 23rd Mach/2011 

No. A. 12011/32/06-LJE: In partial modification of this Department’s Notifications issued under No. A. 12011/32/06-LJE dt. 7.1.2008, 2.6.2008 and 7.10.2008 and in exercise of powers conferred by section 3-6 read with all other enabling provisions of the Mizoram Civil Courts Act, 2005 and Sections 6, 7, 9, 11 and 12 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Act No. 2 of 1994), the Governor of Mizoram is pleased to reconstitute Criminal and Civil Courts as follows:-
Note:

This notification has been published in the Mizoram Gazette, Extra Ordinary; Vol. XL, 28.3.2011, Issue No. 144.
 

I.             Aizawl Judicial District.

1.Aizawl

Name of Court No. of Court
District & Sessions Judge Judge 1
Additional District & Sessions Judge 3
Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Senior Civil Judges 3
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrates 10
Principal Judge, Family Court 1
Judge, Special Court, Prevention of Corruption Act 1
Judge, Special Court,, ND&PS Act 1
Judge, Special Court, Essential Commodities Act 1
Member, Motor Accident Claims Tribunal 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate 1
Special Court, SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1
Special Court, Drugs and Cosmetic (Amendment) Act, 2008 1
 

2. Kolasib

Name of Court No. of Court
Senior Civil Judge/Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class 3
Principal Judge, Family Court 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate 1

3. Champhai

Name of Court

No. of Court

Senior Civil Judge/Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class 3
Principal Judge, Family Court 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate 1

4. Serchhip

Name of Court

No. of Court

Senior Civil Judge/Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate 1

5. Mamit

Name of Court

No. of Court

Senior Civil Judge/Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate 1

 

II.             Lunglei Judicial District

1. Lunglei

Name of Court

No. of Court

District & Sessions Judge 1
Additional District & Sessions Judge 1
Senior Civil Judges/Chief Judicial Magistrate 2
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate of the 1st Class 5
Principal Judge, Family Court 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate   1
Special Court, Drugs and Cosmetic (Amendment) Act, 2008 -1

2. Saiha

Name of Court

No. of Court

Senior Civil Judge/Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class 2
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate   1

3. Lawngtlai

Name of Court

No. of Court

Senior Civil Judge/Chief Judicial Magistrate 1
Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class 1
Sub- Divisional Judicial Magistrate 1

4. Chawngte

Name of Court

No. of Court

Civil Judge/Judicial Magistrate 1st Class  

 

                Respective territorial jurisdiction of these courts shall continue to remain same as determined at the time of their establishment and as specified in the notification dt. 07/01/2008, dt. 02/06/2008 and 07/10/2008. This issues in pursuance of the Hon’ble Gauhati High Court’s communication Vide No. H.C. VII-193/2010/11974/A dt. 22/11/2010. 

Sd/- P. SINGTHANGA

       Special Secretary to the Govt. of Mizoram

 Note:
2nd Court of Additional District & Sessions Judge, Aizawl Judicial District and First Court of Additional District & Sessions Judge, Lunglei Judicial District were appointed as Special Court under the Drugs and Cosmetic (Amendment) Act, 2008 as notified under No. A. 45011/1/2008- LJE, the 17th March, 2011 published in the Mizoram Gazette, Vol. XL, 25.3.2011, Issue No. 12 Part- II (A) p. 6
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